Iceland is a country of unparalleled natural beauty, known for its otherworldly landscapes, including glaciers, hot springs, and volcanoes. One of the best ways to experience Iceland’s rugged terrain is through hiking its volcanic trails. Whether you’re a seasoned hiker or a beginner, Iceland’s volcanic trails offer an unforgettable adventure.
Iceland’s Volcanic Landscape
Iceland is a land of fire and ice, where glaciers and volcanoes coexist to create one of the most unique landscapes on Earth. Located on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a tectonic boundary between the North American and Eurasian plates, Iceland is one of the most volcanically active regions in the world.
The island’s volcanic landscape is a result of its location on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which causes magma to rise to the surface and form volcanoes. Iceland is home to over 130 volcanic mountains, many of which are still active. Some of the most notable volcanoes in Iceland include Eyjafjallajökull, Hekla, Katla, and Bárðarbunga.
Iceland’s volcanic landscape is also characterized by geysers, hot springs, and lava fields. One of the most popular geothermal areas in Iceland is the geothermal field of Geysir, which is home to the famous geyser Strokkur. Strokkur erupts every 8-10 minutes, shooting water up to 40 meters in the air.
The hot springs in Iceland are also a popular attraction, with the Blue Lagoon being one of the most famous. The Blue Lagoon is a geothermal spa located in a lava field in Grindavík, and it is known for its mineral-rich waters, which are said to have healing properties.
Lava fields are also a prominent feature of Iceland’s volcanic landscape. These fields are formed when molten lava cools and solidifies on the surface. The most famous lava field in Iceland is the Eldhraun lava field, which covers an area of 565 square kilometers.
Despite the beauty and uniqueness of Iceland’s volcanic landscape, it also poses significant risks to those who live in and visit the island. The country has experienced numerous volcanic eruptions throughout its history, with the most recent being the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in 2010. This eruption caused widespread disruption to air travel across Europe, as ash from the volcano drifted across the continent.
Iceland’s Volcanic Trails
Iceland’s volcanic landscape is a prime destination for hikers, offering some of the most unique and breathtaking trails in the world. Hiking in Iceland provides the opportunity to experience the country’s rugged terrain up close, including glaciers, hot springs, and volcanoes. Below are some of the most popular volcanic trails in Iceland.
The Laugavegur Trail is a 55-kilometer trail that winds through some of Iceland’s most beautiful landscapes. The trail begins in Landmannalaugar, a geothermal area surrounded by colorful mountains and hot springs. From there, it passes through black sand deserts, glacial rivers, and finally ends in Þórsmörk, a lush valley surrounded by glaciers. The Laugavegur Trail is usually hiked from June to September and takes about four days to complete.
The Fimmvörðuháls Trail is a 25-kilometer trail that runs between the glaciers Eyjafjallajökull and Mýrdalsjökull. The trail begins at the Skógarfoss waterfall and ends in Þórsmörk. Along the way, hikers will encounter stunning waterfalls, volcanic craters, and panoramic views of the surrounding glaciers. The Fimmvörðuháls Trail is usually hiked from late June to September and takes about two days to complete.
Reykjadalur Hot Springs Trail
The Reykjadalur Hot Springs Trail is a 3.5-kilometer trail that leads to a geothermal area where hikers can relax in hot springs. The trail begins in the town of Hveragerði and follows a river up a valley, passing by steaming vents and bubbling mud pots. The trail is relatively easy and can be completed in about two hours.
The Askja Trail is a 30-kilometer trail that leads to the Askja Caldera, a volcanic crater that is home to a stunning blue lake. The trail begins at Drekagil and passes through a desolate landscape of volcanic ash and lava. Hikers can also visit the Víti crater, a smaller crater filled with warm, turquoise water. The Askja Trail is usually hiked from late June to September and takes about two to three days to complete.
Preparation for Hiking in Iceland
Hiking in Iceland is a unique and unforgettable experience, but be prepared for the challenges of the country’s rugged and often unpredictable terrain. Here are some key considerations for preparing for a hiking trip in Iceland.
Iceland’s weather is notoriously unpredictable, with sudden changes in temperature, wind, and precipitation. Check the weather forecast before setting out on a hike and to be prepared for changing conditions. Dressing in layers is essential, as is bringing waterproof and windproof clothing.
Clothing and Equipment
Proper clothing and equipment are essential for a safe and enjoyable hiking experience in Iceland. Sturdy, waterproof hiking boots are a must, as are waterproof and windproof jackets and pants. Other essential items include a map and compass, a headlamp or flashlight, a first aid kit, and a water bottle.
Hiking in Iceland can be hazardous, with risks such as sudden weather changes, steep terrain, and potential volcanic activity. Be aware of the potential risks and to take the necessary precautions to stay safe. This may include staying on marked trails, carrying a communication device such as a cell phone or satellite phone, and avoiding dangerous areas.
Permits and Regulations
Some hiking trails in Iceland require permits or have specific regulations that hikers must follow. Research the trail ahead of time to ensure that all necessary permits and regulations are obtained and followed.
Hiking in Iceland can be physically demanding, with steep climbs and challenging terrain. Be in good physical condition before embarking on a hiking trip and to take breaks and pace oneself during the hike.
Hiking in Iceland: Dos and Don’ts
Hiking in Iceland is a unique and unforgettable experience, but be aware of the dos and don’ts of hiking in this rugged and often unpredictable environment. Hiking in Iceland requires careful consideration of the dos and don’ts of hiking in this unique and often challenging environment. By respecting the environment, following trail markings and warning signs, and being properly prepared, hikers can enjoy a safe and unforgettable experience in Iceland’s rugged terrain.
Hiking in Iceland “Dos”
- Stay on marked trails: Hiking in Iceland can be hazardous, with risks such as sudden weather changes, steep terrain, and potential volcanic activity. Stay on marked trails to avoid getting lost or accidentally wandering into dangerous areas.
- Respect the environment: Iceland’s fragile ecosystem is easily damaged, so respect the environment and leave no trace. This includes properly disposing of trash, staying on designated trails, and avoiding damaging vegetation or disturbing wildlife.
- Bring appropriate clothing and equipment: Proper clothing and equipment are essential for a safe and enjoyable hiking experience in Iceland. Sturdy, waterproof hiking boots are a must, as are waterproof and windproof jackets and pants. Other essential items include a map and compass, a headlamp or flashlight, a first aid kit, and a water bottle.
- Check the weather forecast: Iceland’s weather is notoriously unpredictable, with sudden changes in temperature, wind, and precipitation. Check the weather forecast before setting out on a hike and to be prepared for changing conditions.
- Tell someone your plans: Tell someone your hiking plans, including where you’re going and when you plan to return. This ensures that someone knows your location and can alert authorities if necessary.
Hiking in Iceland “Don’ts”
- Trespass on private property: Much of Iceland’s land is privately owned, so respect private property and not trespass.
- Ignore warning signs: Many hiking trails in Iceland have warning signs indicating potential hazards or dangerous areas. Take these warnings seriously and to avoid these areas.
- Approach wildlife: Iceland is home to a variety of wildlife, including birds, foxes, and reindeer. Observe wildlife from a distance and not to approach or disturb them.
- Start a fire: Starting a fire is prohibited in many areas in Iceland, as it can easily lead to wildfires in the dry and windy conditions.
- Litter: Littering is not only harmful to the environment but is also illegal in Iceland. Dispose of all trash and to leave no trace.